Chesterfield Township was originally established as a general law township in 1842, and became a Charter Township in 1989.
In the past there was a hamlet here called Chesterfield. It was first settled in 1830. When the Grand Trunk Railroad came through in 1865 it began to have businesses. It had a post office from 1875 until 1907 but has since lost its specific identity.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 30.7 square miles (80 km2), of which 27.9 square miles (72 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (9.07%) is water.
In the first decade of the 21st century, much of Chesterfield Township is dominated by subdivisions, shopping developments, and an increasingly diverse population, in contrast to previous decades when the community was considerably more rural and overwhelmingly white. With 89% of the population being non-Hispanic whites at the 2010 census the demographic changes in the population had clearly not been as great as some might suggest. The far northern end of the township is still largely rural. Anchor Bay influences the southeastern part of the community, where many pleasure boats, docks, and marine-related businesses can be found.
Chesterfield Township is bordered on the north by Lenox Township and the village of New Haven; on the east by Ira Township and New Baltimore; on the southeast by Anchor Bay, which is a part of Lake Saint Clair; on the south by Harrison Township; and on the west by Macomb Township.
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Updated: 22nd February, 2019 7:51 PM.